What is oncology the treatment of?

What is oncology the treatment of?

What is oncology the treatment of?


Oncology is the branch of medicine that deals with the prevention, diagnosis , and treatment of neoplasms , benign and malignant tumors , especially cancer ., oncology the treatment.

Due to the great variety of tumors that exist, a distinction is usually made between clinical oncologists (specialized in neoplastic treatment), radio-oncologists and oncological surgeons ., oncology the treatment.

In addition, due to the rapid advancement of oncology research in recent years, there is a growing trend towards super-specialization . That is, oncologists specialized in a specific type of cancer or in a group of cancers. The Initia Oncology team has highly specialized professionals who work in a coordinated and multidisciplinary way to address all aspects of the disease and adjust to each individual case., oncology the treatment.

Oncology includes knowledge of all aspects related to cancer : epidemiology , prevention , treatments … Therefore, the oncologist ‘s mission is patient care from diagnosis to the end of the disease ., oncology the treatment.

At present, numerous investigations are carried out in all areas of oncology: from cell biology to the design of new, more effective and safe treatments. These investigations make oncology a discipline in constant evolution., oncology the treatment.

types of oncologists

Approved by the Cancer.Net Editorial Board , 03/2018

Oncology is the study of cancer. An oncologist is the doctor who treats cancer and provides medical care for a person diagnosed with cancer.

The field of oncology has three main areas: clinical, surgical, and radiation.

  • clinical oncologist treats cancer with chemotherapy or other drugs, such as targeted therapy or immunotherapy .
  • surgical oncologist removes the tumor and nearby tissue during surgery. In addition, he performs certain types of biopsies to help diagnose cancer.
  • radiation oncologist treats cancer using radiation therapy .

Other types of oncologists include the following:

  • gynecologic oncologist treats gynecologic cancers, such as uterine, ovarian, and cervical cancers.
  • pediatric oncologist treats cancer in children. Some types of cancer occur more often in children and adolescents. These include certain brain tumors, leukemia, osteosarcoma, and Ewing’s sarcoma. The most common types of cancer in children sometimes occur in adults. In these situations, an adult may choose to see a pediatric oncologist.
  • hematologic oncologist diagnoses and treats blood cancers, such as leukemia, lymphoma, and myeloma.

The role of the oncologist

The oncologist manages the patient’s care during the course of the disease. This starts with the diagnosis. Her duties include the following:

  • Explain cancer diagnosis and stage
  • Discuss all treatment options and your choice of preference
  • Provide quality and compassionate care
  • Help the patient manage the symptoms and side effects of cancer and cancer treatment.

Often different types of doctors work together to create a comprehensive treatment plan for patients that combines different types of treatments. For example, a patient may need a treatment that combines surgery, chemotherapy, and radiation therapy. This is called a multidisciplinary team .

Cancer care teams also include other health care professionals:

  • pathologist analyzes the laboratory tests. This includes checking cells, tissues and organs to diagnose disease
  • diagnostic radiologist performs imaging tests to diagnose the disease. This includes x-rays and ultrasounds.
  • An oncology nurse
  • An oncology social worker

The team may also include doctors from other areas of medicine. For example, a dermatologist who specializes in skin problems can help treat skin cancer.

Sometimes a person’s cancer diagnosis is complex. In such a case, the patient’s oncologist may ask a tumor board to review the case. This involves expert doctors from all areas of cancer care coming together to decide the best treatment plan.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *