Which car engine technology is best?

Which car engine technology is best?

Which car engine technology is best?

Top 10 best-performing engines in the world

The world’s top ten engines, also known as Ward’s Top Ten Engines, is a test conducted by the authoritative American magazine “Ward’s Auto World” on models sold in the United States close to daily driving conditions, and the performance of each engine Horsepower, torque, technical content, and working characteristics shown in actual use were comprehensively evaluated, and ten engines with the best overall performance were finally selected.

The world’s top ten engine selection is the oldest engine selection event in the world. The authoritative American magazine “Ward’s Auto World” was founded in 1994 and is known as one of the most influential lists in the industry. With the transformation of the automobile industry to the “new four modernizations”, traditional fuel engines are facing unprecedented challenges. The name of the 2020 “Ward Top Ten Engines” selection has been officially changed to “Ward Top Ten Engines and Power Systems”.

The selection criteria for Ward’s Top Ten Engines in 2020 : First, the engine must be a mass-produced model, and second, the price of the car equipped with the participating engine must be less than $ . The following are respectively introduced as follows:

1. BMW 3.0T inline six-cylinder engine (Germany)

BMW: Refers to the cars produced by the German BMW Motor Company (Bayerische Motoren Werke AG, referred to as BMW). Its main series of models include 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 and other series. It is especially famous for the production of luxury cars, motorcycles and high-performance engines.

BMW is a world-renowned car company. Like Mercedes-Benz, it does not pursue the expansion of car production, but only pursues the production of high-quality, high-performance and high-level cars. There is a common saying that “take a Mercedes-Benz and drive a BMW”, which means the stability of a Mercedes-Benz and the boldness of a BMW. Some people say that only by driving a BMW can you enjoy the joyful feeling.

BMW is known internationally for its high quality and high performance, and is listed as a famous brand alongside Mercedes-Benz.

BMW AG was founded in 1916 and is headquartered in Munich, Germany. In its more than 90 years of history, the body shape of BMW cars has distinctive features. The round lamps and rectangular water tank ventilation grilles form a distinctive style. The management of BMW cars has its own unique side. The brand strategy it pursues is a “boutique strategy” and it pursues the highest quality. Therefore, it does not tend to be trendy—in order to reduce costs, it tends to be attached to global procurement. BMW sticks to its own design direction, and all BMW sedans use rear-wheel drive. BMW believes that the use of rear-wheel drive can achieve 50% load distribution between the front and rear, and it will be better than front-wheel drive vehicles in terms of high-speed cornering and straight driving performance. Because of its excellent acceleration performance and driving performance, it has the reputation of “driving a BMW and riding a Mercedes-Benz” in the car industry.

Evaluation: BMW’s 3.0T inline six-cylinder engine has become a frequent visitor on Ward’s list and is often selected as the top ten. The model it is equipped with is X5. BMW’s repeated awards are enough to show its superb technology. In the expression of the judges, they even used words such as “awesome”, which shows how much the judges admire the six-cylinder engine.

The inline six-cylinder engine has become a typical representative of the performance of the BMW family, and because this engine is not made in China, it has also become a selling point that many domestic consumers who pursue imported quality value. And such as 7 series, X5 and X6 have achieved a lot of sales by virtue of this unique engine.

Important engine parameters:Origin: Austria

Displacement (cc): 2998

Cylinder/Cylinder Head Material: Aluminum Alloy/Aluminum Alloy

Bore x stroke (mm): 82 x 94.6

Power (PS/rpm): 335/5500~6500

Torque (Nm/rpm): 447/1500~5200

Power per liter (PS/L): 111.7

Compression ratio: 11.0:1

Test vehicle: BMW M340i

2. Daimler 3.0T inline six-cylinder (48V) engine (Germany)

Daimler AG, headquartered in Stuttgart, Germany, is the world’s largest commercial vehicle manufacturer, the world’s second largest luxury car manufacturer, and the second largest truck manufacturer. The company includes four business units: Mercedes-Benz Cars, Mercedes-Benz Light Commercial Vehicles, Daimler Trucks and Daimler Financial Services.

It is worth mentioning that Daimler is the oldest manufacturer in the world, and it is also a company with a consistent business style. It is worth mentioning that from 1926 to the present, Daimler did not pursue the expansion of automobile production, but only pursued the production of high-quality, high-performance high-end automobile products. Among the top ten car companies in the world, Daimler’s output is the smallest, even less than 1 million, but its profit and sales are amazingly ranked among the top five. The price of Mercedes-Benz’s lowest-level cars is more than 15,000 US dollars, while luxury cars are more than 100,000 US dollars, and the middle models are also around 40,000 US dollars. For example, in the Hong Kong market, the price of a Mercedes-Benz S500L car is often as high as 1.65 million Hong Kong dollars.

Daimler has a wide variety of trucks, special vehicles, and buses. There are more than 110 basic types of trucks alone. Daimler is also the largest heavy-duty vehicle manufacturer in the world. The maximum power of its all-wheel drive 3850AS truck can reach 368 kilowatts, with a towing capacity of 220 tons. The 6.5-ton to 11-ton new trucks put on the market by Daimler in 1984 adopted air brakes, servo steering gears, and electronic anti-lock braking devices, making major truck companies Shake it.

Evaluation: Ward’s top ten judges have a soft spot for inline six-cylinders. After selecting BMW’s inline six cylinders, they also took a fancy to Mercedes-Benz’s inline six cylinders. And the reason given is also surprising: “With the 48V light hybrid system, the automatic start-stop system has become more comfortable.”

Mercedes-Benz’s 3.0T inline six-cylinder engine code-named M256 is still very powerful. It is the latest and most advanced power system of Mercedes-Benz, especially after adding the 48V light hybrid system, it brings smoother and more Efficient driving experience.

Important engine parameters:Origin: America

i Displacement (cc): 2998

Cylinder/Cylinder Head Material: Aluminum Alloy/Aluminum Alloy

Bore x stroke (mm): 88 x 94

Power (PS/rpm): 360/5500~6100

Torque (Nm/rpm): 500/1600~4500

Power per liter (PS/L): 122.3

Compression ratio: 10.5:1

Test model: GLE450

3. Fiat Chrysler 3.6L V6 (48V) engine (Italy)

Fiat Automobile Company is a famous Italian automobile manufacturing company and one of the top ten automobile companies in the world. It was founded in 1899 and is headquartered in Turin, northern Italy. As a classic brand with a history of more than one hundred years, Fiat has always been regarded as the creator of the perfect car. Its famous brands include: Fiat, Chrysler, Jeep, Dodge, Ferrari, Maserati, Alfa Romeo, Lancia, Dodge RAM, SRT, ABARTH, New Holland, FIAT PROFESSIONAL, etc.

Fiat Automobile Company is one of the top ten automobile companies in the world. It was founded in July 1899 and is headquartered in Turin, Italy. The founder is Giovanni Agnelli. At that time, the company had 30 shareholders with a total asset of 800,000 lire. The chairman of the company is ludovico scarfiotti, the vice chairman is emanuele cacherano di bricherasio, and giovanniagnelli was elected as the secretary general. As a former knight, giovanni agnelli stands out among the members of the board of directors for his decisive and unique strategic vision. It is the world’s first automaker to produce miniature cars. The full name of the company is the Italian Turin Automobile Factory, and the full name in Italian is: Fabbrica Italiana di Automobili Torino. FIAT is the transliteration of the company’s abbreviation, and FIAT is also the trademark of the company’s products.

Fiat products are the brand with the widest coverage, main products: city car (A): Fiat 500, Panda

Small car (B): Punto EVO, Linea

Mid-size sedan (C): Bravo

Mid-to-high-end sedan (D): Coroma wagon

Multifunctional MPV: Multipla, Qubo

Van VAN: Ulysse

It is worth mentioning that, in addition to the well-known body design of Fiat cars, its driving pleasure is even more talked about by connoisseurs. Especially its Ponto convertible, which uses a 1.6-cylinder engine with a single camshaft on the top of the cylinder, two valves per cylinder, and a maximum horsepower of 88 horsepower/5750rpm. In particular, it has a mid-stage acceleration, and its engine has a strong torque, because its engine compartment is equipped with a metal air storage box (Airbox) so that the engine has enough air when it accelerates suddenly. The car does not have an automatic transmission, which is a very good choice for those who are willing to use a manual transmission, which adds to the fun of driving.

Fiat has completed the acquisition from the American Voluntary Employee Benefit Association (VEBA), a trust under the United Auto Workers UAW; at a total price of 4.35 billion US dollars, it has purchased 41.4616% of Chrysler’s shares held by VEBA.

Evaluation: Fiat Chrysler’s 3.6-liter naturally aspirated engine has been around for ten years. The 3.6-liter naturally aspirated engine can be radiant.

Its model RAM1500 ranks second only to the F-150 in North American pickup truck sales, and this engine is also equipped with the latest black technology at that time, such as a wider range of variable valve timing and two-stage variable valve lift. wait. In hybrid mode, the fuel consumption of this pickup can be reduced by up to 18%.

Important engine parameters:Origin: Mexico (gasoline engine), USA (electric motor)

Displacement (cc): 3604

Cylinder/Cylinder Head Material: Aluminum Alloy/Aluminum Alloy

Bore x stroke (mm): 96 x 83

Power (PS/rpm): 305/5500~6500

Torque (Nm/rpm): 364/1500~5200

Power per liter (PS/L): 85.7

Compression ratio: 12.5:1

Test model: 2019 RAM1500

4. Ford 2.3T inline four-cylinder engine (USA)

Ford is a famous car brand in the world. It is one of the many brands of Ford Motor Company in the United States. The company and brand name “Ford” comes from the surname of the founder Henry Ford. Ford Motor Company is one of the largest automobile manufacturers in the world. Founded in 1903, it owns the Ford (Ford) and Lincoln (Lincoln) automobile brands and is headquartered in Dearborn, Michigan. In addition to manufacturing cars, the company also has a financial services division, Ford Credit, which is mainly engaged in car purchase finance, vehicle leasing and auto insurance.

Ford Motor Company is located in Dearborn, Michigan, USA (where the company is now headquartered). It was founded by Henry Ford and became a corporation in 1903. At its height in the 20th century, Ford, General Motors, and Chrysler were considered Detroit’s Big Three automakers. These three companies rule the U.S. auto market. Ford Motor’s logo is derived from the signature font commonly used by founder Henry Ford.

Ford Motor has maintained the second largest sales volume in the U.S. auto market for 75 consecutive years, second only to General Motors. In 2007, due to high oil prices, the sales of large SUVs and trucks decreased, and was surpassed by Toyota Motor to become the sales volume in the U.S. market. third place. Henry Ford referred to the introduction of mass production of automobiles and the management of mass factory employees, and more ingeniously designed a new production sequence represented by a mobile assembly line. In particular, its combination of high efficiency, high wages, and low prices was a ground-breaking reform and innovation for the American manufacturing industry at that time. Therefore, this set of methods was later called Fordism, and its industrial concept was later called Fordism. Antonio Gramsci called it “Fordism”. It is worth mentioning that Ford Credit is a wholly-owned subsidiary of Ford Motor Company and ranks first in the world in the auto financing industry.

Evaluation: Ford’s 2.3-liter EcoBoost engine was on the list in 2017, and it was listed again to help Ford be selected as Ward’s Top Ten Engines for the 36th time, becoming one of the manufacturers that have won the most Ward’s Top Ten Awards.

It is worth mentioning that the advantages of the EcoBoost series engines lie in the three core technologies of turbocharging, direct injection and TiVCT dual variable cam timing. The 2.3-liter EcoBoost engine selected by Ford is not only equipped on the Focus RS, but also on the new generation of Explorer and Mustang.

Important engine parameters:Origin: UK

Displacement (cc): 2261

Cylinder/Cylinder Head Material: Aluminum Alloy/Aluminum Alloy

Bore x stroke (mm): 87.6 x 94

Power (PS/rpm): 350/6000

Torque (Nm/rpm): 440/2000~4500

Power per liter (PS/L): 152.2

Compression ratio: 9.4:1

Test model: Focus RS

5. GM 3.0T in-line six-cylinder diesel engine (USA)

General Motors Corporation was founded on September 16, 1908. Since William Durant founded General Motors Corporation of the United States, General Motors has produced and sold products including Buick, Chevrolet, Cadillac, GMC, Wuling, Baojun and Holden in the world. A range of branded models and services are provided. In 2014, a full range of models under GM’s multiple brands sold well in more than 120 countries and regions around the world, including electric cars, mini cars, heavy-duty full-size trucks, compact cars and convertibles.

For 100 years, General Motors and its products have touched the lives of countless consumers around the world. After a hundred years of innovation and development, from September 16, 1908, GM started from the least promising to Sloan (Alfred Sloan’s famous “different wallets, different goals, different models” strategy; from From the world’s first mass-produced sports car to the first car with a fuel efficiency of 3.53 liters of fuel per 100 kilometers (80 miles per gallon); from the acquisition of Chevrolet, Opel, Vauxhall and other world-renowned car brands to now focus on the development of new “green” “Power propulsion technology, it can be said that General Motors has developed far beyond the company’s birthplace.

On May 26, 2021, General Motors of the United States will develop a lunar rover with Lockheed Martin of the United States.

Evaluation: GM is already the fourth six-cylinder engine and the third inline six-cylinder engine on Ward’s Top Ten list in 2020. The only difference is that this is the only diesel engine on the list. This GM engine has a torque output of up to 625 Nm, as well as very good fuel economy and NVH index. This feature perfectly solves the pain points of pickup trucks. Therefore, this GM 3.0T straight-six diesel engine is very suitable for countries with excellent diesel quality.

Important engine parameters:Origin: America

Displacement (cc): 2993

Cylinder/Cylinder Head Material: Aluminum Alloy/Aluminum Alloy

Bore x stroke (mm): 96 x 92

Power (PS/rpm): 360/5600

Torque (Nm/rpm): 625/4100

Power per liter (PS/L): 120

Compression Ratio:-

Vehicle Tested: 2020 GMC Sierra

6. GM 6.2L V8 direct injection gasoline engine (USA)

The predecessor of General Motors was the Buick Motor Company founded by David Buick in 1907. In 1908, William C. Durant, the largest carriage manufacturer in the United States, bought the Buick Motor Company and became the general manager of the company, and at the same time launched the C-type car. To market the car, Durant quickly established a dealership network and attracted large orders, which at the time were far beyond the company’s production capacity.

By 1908, Buick Motor Company had become a major automobile manufacturer in the United States. Since Durant wanted to end the coexistence of hundreds of companies in the automobile industry at that time, he strongly supported Benjamin Crisco’s proposal to merge Buick, Ford, Maxwell, etc. – Proposal to merge several major auto companies including Briscoe and Oz, but negotiations failed because of Ford’s $8 million asking price. In the same year, Durant established a car holding company, General Motors (GM), based on Buick Motor Company and Audi Motor Company, and in 1909 merged two other car companies, Oakland Motor Company and Cadillac Motor Company.

Verdict: GM’s 6.2L V8 is a regular on Ward’s Top 10 list. Especially when the new energy system is gradually entering the Ward list, GM’s 6.2-liter large-displacement engine may be the praise and respect of the Ward’s top ten judges for the high-quality American large-displacement self-priming.

It is worth mentioning that the previous award-winning model was the Chevrolet Silverado, which is a large-displacement pickup with a strong local flavor. This year, its representative model was chosen as the Corvette Stingray. In particular, this V8 engine has a peak torque of 637 Nm. Although compared with turbocharged engines, it is very difficult to improve the parameters of large-displacement self-priming, but the advantages of large-displacement self-priming are at the current stage. Turbine can not match.

Important engine parameters:

Origin: America

Displacement (cc): 6162

Cylinder/Cylinder Head Material: Aluminum Alloy/Aluminum Alloy

Bore x stroke (mm): 103.25 x 92

Power (PS/rpm): 502/5500~6500

Torque (Nm/rpm): 637/1500~5200

Power per liter (PS/L): 80.9

Compression ratio: 11.5:1

Model Tested: 2020 Corvette Stingray

7. Hyundai 150kW Pure Electric Power System (Korea)

Hyundai Motor Company is the largest automobile company in South Korea and one of the 20 largest automobile companies in the world. Founded in 1967, the founder Zheng Zhouyong. The company is headquartered in Seoul, South Korea. The current chairman is Zheng Mengjiu. The annual output of automobiles is 1 million. The main products are: Pony, Super Pony, Slata passenger cars and trucks. South Korea’s Hyundai Motor Company has developed into the Hyundai Group, and its business scope has expanded from automobiles to construction, shipbuilding and machinery.

Evaluation: The KONA pure electric models that have been on the list for the past two consecutive years have revealed a signal that even the traditional market like the United States, which advocates large-displacement vehicles, has begun to pay attention to new energy technologies. Since Hyundai KONA models have not been introduced into China, I believe that for most consumers, KONA models are relatively unfamiliar.

KONA EV actually has two power versions, namely a pure electric system with a maximum power of 99 kW and a pure electric system with a maximum power of 150 kW. Among them, the 150-kilowatt KONA EV has an acceleration time of 7.6 seconds from 100 kilometers to 100 kilometers and a top speed of 167 kilometers per hour. It takes an hour to charge to 80% capacity. It is worth mentioning that it is the main cost-effective device, with a starting price of 30,000 US dollars, it has done well in global overseas markets, especially the North American market.

Important engine parameters:

Origin: South Korea

Battery: 64 kWh lithium-ion

Fuel tank volume (L): 157

Motor power (kW): 150

Motor torque (Nm): 393

Cruising range (KM): 415

Charging time: 9.3 hours (two-level charging mode) 75 minutes (three-level charging mode)

Vehicle Tested: 2019 Hyundai Kona EV

8. Honda 2.0L Atkinson i-VTEC hybrid system (Japan)

Honda Co., Ltd.) is the largest motorcycle manufacturer in the world. At the same time, the output and scale of automobiles are also among the top ten automobile manufacturers in the world. Honda’s operating mode is very flexible. The Honda branch established in the United States surpassed Chrysler in 1991 and ranked third in the U.S. market.

It is worth mentioning that Honda’s Accord and Civic cars have been rated as the best quality and most popular cars by users over the years. In Europe, Honda has also established a branch in the UK. Honda has produced about 3 million cars. Honda Motor is the Peter Pan of the car industry — a company that refuses to grow up. As the world’s youngest and one of the few major automakers to remain independent, Honda’s style has always been about doing things its own way. Honda resolutely maintains the independent and fast-moving corporate culture advocated by its founders, and boldly insists on its own path in terms of global strategy, product concept and sustainable use of resources.

Evaluation: This hybrid system of Honda can be seen in China, especially the 10th generation Accord Hybrid and CR-V hybrid that are on sale all adopt this hybrid system. It adopts Honda’s unique i-VTEC variable valve timing lift control technology, and its outstanding advantages are: high combustion efficiency and low consumption. The thermal efficiency of the engine has reached 40%, although it is slightly lower than the Toyota Camry, but the power performance and driving pleasure are better. At the same time, Honda’s powertrain is very affordable.

Important engine parameters:

Origin: Japan

Displacement (cc): 1993

Cylinder/Cylinder Head Material: Aluminum Alloy/Aluminum Alloy

Bore x stroke (mm): 81 x 96.7

Power (PS/rpm): 143/6200

Torque (Nm/rpm): 175/3500

Power per liter (PS/L): 106

Compression ratio: 13.5:1

Test model: 2020 Honda Accord Hybrid

9. Hyundai 1.6T inline four-cylinder engine (South Korea)

Hyundai Motor Company is the core enterprise of Hyundai Motor Group. In 2019, Hyundai ranked sixth in the world’s auto brands in terms of sales volume, and ranked tenth in the Fortune Global 500 vehicle and parts industry in 2020. The company was established in 1967 by Zheng Zhouyong, the former chairman of Hyundai Group. The company is headquartered in Seoul, South Korea, and the current chairman is Zheng Yixuan.

In 2019, Hyundai sold about 4.42 million units (excluding the Kia brand), and its passenger car brands include the core brand Hyundai and the luxury brand Genesis. Hyundai was once rated as the most trustworthy car brand with low maintenance rate. According to the data released by the CarMD website, Hyundai won the first place in the list of the lowest maintenance frequency and the second place in the lowest overall maintenance cost. On average, a Hyundai costs $312.67 to repair (including only the metrics surveyed by CarMD), which is less than almost every other car brand.

Hyundai tops the industry charts with the lowest maintenance fees. CarMD’s 2013 survey shows that South Korea’s Hyundai Motor topped the list with the lowest maintenance fees, surpassing the 2012 champion Toyota.

In the “2011 MotorTrader Industry Awards” released by British MotorTrader magazine, Hyundai was selected as the best manufacturer in the British market in 2011. The all-new Shengda won the “Best SUV of the Year” in the SUV category in the selection of “2012 Golden Klaxon COTY Award” held by the famous Russian magazine Klaxon Magazine in 2013.

On June 26, 2013, Hyundai Motor’s hatchback Veloster was selected as the “most handsome car” in the US under $18,000. From January to May 2013, Phase One sold a total of 1,357 vehicles in Korea, making it the second-lowest-selling model among Hyundai models. However, during the same period, 12,303 vehicles were sold in the United States, and it has attracted much attention in overseas markets. Phase One also won the “Customer Satisfaction Award” in the “2013 Customer Satisfaction Survey” released by the American automotive consulting company AutoPacific on June 11.

In the “2013 Best Value Preservation Model Award” issued by ALG (AutomotiveLeaseGuide), an American value retention rate evaluation agency, Hyundai Motor has three models (Elantra, Genesis and the new Santa Fe) winning awards at the same time for the first time, and it has increased to 100% in the field of brand value. second. It is worth mentioning that Hyundai Motor’s Super Bowl advertisement popularity survey ranked first among automobile brand advertisements.

Evaluation: In fact, the Hyundai brand whose domestic sales are not optimistic has two engines (motors) on the Ward list. The representative model is the 10th generation Sonata, which is equipped with a 1.6-liter turbocharged inline four-cylinder engine .

It is worth mentioning that it is the first engine in the world to use the continuously variable valve timing technology CVVD. Combined with the high injection pressure of 350Bar and the optimized EGR and intake port, the tenth-generation Sonata equipped with it has obtained It achieved an amazing fuel consumption performance of 6.3L/100km.

Important engine parameters:

Origin: South Korea

Displacement (cc): 1591

Cylinder/Cylinder Head Material: Aluminum Alloy/Aluminum Alloy

Bore x stroke (mm): –

Power (PS/rpm): 180/6000

Torque (Nm/rpm): 265/1750-4500

Power per liter (PS/L): 112.5

Compression ratio: 9.5:1

Test model: 2020 Sonata

10. Nissan 2.0T VC-Turbo four-cylinder engine (USA)

Nissan (NISSAN), a Japanese automobile manufacturer, was established in Yokohama, Kanagawa Prefecture by Ayukawa Yoshisuke in 1933. Currently, it has automobile manufacturing bases in 20 countries and regions (including Japan) and 160 countries around the world. Products and services are available in multiple countries and regions.

The company’s business scope includes the manufacture, sales and related businesses of automotive products and marine equipment. The current president and chief executive officer is Carlos Ghosn. In 1999, Renault and Nissan formed an independent partnership, especially to carry out strategic cooperation in a wide range of fields. Nissan expanded its business area to the world through the alliance, and its economic scale increased significantly. “NISSAN’ (ニッサン) is the Roman sound form of the word “Nissan” in Japanese, and it is the abbreviation of Japanese industry. It means “to aim at the tomorrow of people and cars”.

Evaluation: Nissan’s 2.0T VC-Turbo engine can be said to be a model that has become world-renowned once it is released. The variable compression ratio technology successfully developed by Nissan after 20 years is the most interesting engine technology in recent years. The 2.0T gasoline engine built with this technology has won the Ward Top Ten Award for two consecutive years due to its excellent performance. . It is worth mentioning that the variable compression ratio technology of this engine can make the vehicle take into account both power and fuel economy, which is also one of the biggest advantages of Teana compared to Accord and Camry. Its power performance can be said to be impeccable regardless of the low-to-medium speed section or the high-speed section.

Engine important parameters:

Origin: Japan

Displacement (cc): 1997

Cylinder/Cylinder Head Material: Aluminum Alloy/Aluminum Alloy

Bore x stroke (mm): 84 x 90.1 (8: 1CR) / 84 x 88.9 (14: 1CR)

Power (PS/rpm): 252/5600

Torque (Nm/rpm): 380/4400

Power per liter (PS/L): 136

Compression ratio: 8:1~14:1

Test model: 2020 Teana

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